PAN Full Form
Pan full form – The full form of PAN is Personal Area Network. PAN is called Private Area Network in Hindi. PAN is a computer network organized around a single person. PAN usually includes a mobile computer, a cell phone and a handheld computing device.
PAN full form is Personal Area Network . This is a small network that has its limits inside a house. For example, in a building, one or more computers reside in PAN. Along with this, some other devices like telephone, video games are connected.
What is Pan Full Form?
PAN(Personal Network Area) is a computer network organized around an individual for personal use only. It provides data transmission through various electronic devices. This network type is employed on various basic days that require some form of digital connection. Thomas Zimmerman was the first research scientist to bring up the idea of individual area networks.
Uses of Pan
PAN can be used for communication between individual devices or for connecting to higher level networks and the Internet where a master device acts as a gateway. They usually include a computer, phone, printer, tablet, or any other device such as a PDA.
Types Of Networks
Network is a medium that connects many computer systems with a common communication link. A network is classified into four types namely
- Local Area Network (LAN),
- Metropolitan Area Network (MAN),
- Wide Area Network (WAN)
- Personal Area Network (PAN).
And in this post we will cover all about Personal Area Network.
What is Actually Pan ?
Personal Area Networks (PANs) offer connections to multiple devices or other devices within a single user environment within 10 meters to 30 feet. These types of connections can be wired or wireless. PAN enables network with certain computer devices, telephones, video game consoles, electronic devices, laptops, PDAs, printers, smart phones and other wearable computer devices.
The initial PAN architecture was designed by Thomas Zimmerman of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Media Lab, but later IBM’s Almaden Research Lab developed the PAN concept.
PAN is a network that enables people who sit in their comfortable premises to connect and interact with each other. It is networking that plays a vital role in a link and initiate communication between hundreds and thousands. PAN is an abbreviation for Personal Area Network.
PAN refers to a network that connects devices within a range of 10 meters. Connection is possible with wired or wireless connection. A Wireless Personal Area Network (WPAN) is a small geographic network that responds to the needs of an individual user. One or some other computers, appliances, telephones, video game consoles or other electronic devices are included in the PAN network.
Pan And HAN
Both HAN and PAN are operated from a single computer but are accessible from all the devices in the network. Due to its versatility and capability, PAN can be of great help in offices and small network areas.
A personal area network (PAN) connects electronic devices within a user’s immediate area. The size of PAN varies from a few centimeters to a few meters.
One of the most common real-world examples of PAN is the connection between a Bluetooth earpiece and a smartphone. PAN can also connect laptops, tablets, printers, keyboards and other computerized devices.
PAN network connections can be either wired or wireless. Wired connection methods include USB and FireWire. Wireless connection methods include Bluetooth, the most common being WiFi IrDA and ZigBee.
While devices within a PAN can exchange data with each other, PANs usually do not involve a router and thus do not connect directly to the Internet.
A device within a PAN may, however, be connected to a local area network (LAN) which then connects to the Internet. For example, a desktop computer, a wireless mouse, and wireless headphones can all be connected to each other, but only the computer can connect directly to the Internet..
Personal area networks are used for an individual purpose such as sharing data between devices within a personal area network range of 10 meters or 33 feet.
What does Pan Consist Of ?
Friends, do you know, wireless PAN consists of battery operated devices which draw very little current. Sleep mode is usually used to prolong battery life. Network protocols are simpler than Wi-Fi or WiMAX to reduce the processor power required and transmit power is usually less than 1 milliwatt.
For the most part in the United States, PANs operate in two unlicensed bands 902–928 MHz and 2.4–2.4835 GHz. Ultrawideband devices can also operate in the 3.1–10.6 GHz band in conjunction with other radio services by employing low overall power and ultra-low power density watt-Hz.
PAN Related Technologies
The basic objective of setting up PAN is to provide a communication channel to individuals who wish to carry their own digital devices. Anytime they want to be in touch with the network. PAN networks often cover an area of 30 feet.
Personal computer devices can include palm-topped mobile phones, potable media players, play stations, and net books. These devices help a person browse the internet to write notes and send instant messages while traveling.
These personal digital devices help a person to develop the network and communicate via intranet internet or even extranet. There are many wireless technologies that have helped in developing wireless personal area networks.
Development Of PAN
Personal area networks are developed using either cables or wireless technologies. Wireless PAN is connected to a wired PAN system that uses either Fire Wire or USB.
PANs rely on Bluetooth or Infrared technologies for transmission of wireless signals. Blue tooth wireless PAN is known as Pico Net. Pico Nets are ad-hoc networks.
The device numbers are connected using Bluetooth technology in this Pico Nets network. A prime master device is connected to seven or more dynamic slave devices.
The master device has a control and option to activate these devices at any time. Pico nets operate in a range of 200 meters and transmit data of about 2100 Kbit / Sec.
The main focus point of Wireless PAN is to facilitate personal workspace. The Bluetooth technologies used in wireless PAN connections are based on the IEEE 802.15 standard.
Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPAN) can really do efficient operation if we connect them to special devices. For example, it can help surgeons to seek guidance from other surgeons or team members during surgical operations.
Wireless Personal Area Network (WPAN) is based on plug-in technology. When wireless devices come in contact with each other within a range of a few kilometers, confusion arises whether they are connected by cables or not.
There is a need for rapid development and improvement in this technology in this field. This will help in developing a seamless network between office and home appliances in further development.
This development will help scientists, archaeologists and people in other departments to transfer their findings to any database in their vicinity.
Wearable and portable computer devices communicate with each other. These devices transfer digital signals and while transmitting information, these signals are transferred using the electrical conductivity emanating from the human body.
Function Of PDA
The purpose of the PDA is to harness the electric field around the human being. Mobile phones Only smart phones palmtops and even pagers serve this purpose. Wireless digital devices operate 24 hours a day and seven days a week.
This enables you to remain always in the communication circle. The PAN network has enabled the transfer of data within small geographic areas with the help of many small and portable carrying devices.
Advantages Of PAN
PANs are for personal use, so the advantages may outweigh when discussing wide area systems like WLANs. Personal area networks that are wireless save users the hassle of managing wires and cables that often get tangled and take up unwanted floor space.
Bluetooth PAN makes it easy for users to manage their devices and equipment allowing them to access faults without any hassle.
An improved result for easy access and control of wireless devices. For example, a company can send and collect information to its employees using smart devices which are all linked to the same PAN.
Due to its simple structure, it is easy to rectify errors and defects in PAN connection. Bluetooth PAN provides a lot of security to its users. Apart from its benefits, there are some drawbacks for PAN users which include –
The PAN uses Bluetooth connectivity, which is short range and can only serve certain devices within close proximity.
PANs can sometimes interact with other wireless devices using the same bandwidth, resulting in communication interruption.Due to the Bluetooth connection, PANs work at a slower speed than other networks.
What is WPAN?
Wireless Personal Area Networks can perform extremely efficient activities if interfered with computers. Wireless Personal Area Networks rely on links between multiple devices. A WPAN provides a seamless and hassle-free connection once the remote devices are within a few meters of each other.
The development and advancement of these innovations contribute to the efficient running and functionality of consumer apps. Further development establishes a clear framework between all office and home appliances.
Technologies Used To Create PAN
Often USB (Universal Serial Bus) and Fire-Wire are connected together to the PAN network. This network can be wireless and can be connected by cable.
A PAN can be a small wearable and embedded device that communicates with other wireless devices during close contact. Bluetooth or infrared interfaces are used for WPANs.
Bluetooth uses short distance waves for communication. Uses within a WPAN include pointing, keyboards, headsets for audio and video, printers, mobile phones, and computer equipment.
A WPAN also known as Piconet is Bluetooth. It consists of a total of 8 active devices which are connected to the master-slave system.