HIV’s full form or meaning is Human immunodeficiency virus.
HIV is considered a virus that can cause AIDS.
This virus can spread from one person to another very easily.
This virus completely reduces your body’s resistance, and your body gets disturbed by various diseases.
HIV is spread mainly due to safe sex, contaminated blood transfusions, and pregnancy or breastfeeding.
But there are many of you who think HIV and AIDS are the same.
There is nothing like this, let us tell you that HIV is like a virus form while AiDs manifest as a syndrome after HIV infection.
If a person is infected with HIV, it is not at all necessary that he has had AIDS.
Because people infected with HIV can live a normal life by following proper therapy, but every person suffering from AIDS is infected with HIV because AIDS is only later due to HIV.
What causes HIV?
Aids are considered a serious problem in the kind of phase going on today.
The biggest reason for this is the lack of awareness among the people, due to which many cases of HIV still continue to be reported.
Let us tell you that after 8 to 10 years of getting HIV virus, symptoms of AIDS start appearing in you, then in this article we are going to tell you what causes the HIV virus to spread in the human body.
- Use of HIV affected blood during the blood transfusion
- HIV virus can spread from mother to children
- Unprotected sex with HIV positive person
- Use of infected things at a barber or tattoo shop
- Disposal syringe used by a doctor
Common symptoms of HIV
- Feeling tired
- Persist diarrhea for a long time
- Dry cough
- Prolonged fever
- Weak immune system.
- Sweating at night
- Diarrhea problem
- Memory loss
Stages of HIV
There are three stages of HIV, which is very important for everyone to know: –
# 1. Acute HIV infection
It is considered the first stage of HIV. Where to tell you that the symptoms of this disease do not appear immediately after infection. Therefore, people who are infected with this virus are not immediately known.
It is said that it takes about 2 to 4 weeks to know its initial symptoms.
#2. Chronic HIV infection
Let me tell you that in the second stage of HIV, this virus starts replicating the body, which gradually weakens the human immune system.
It is therefore reported that getting tested early for HIV before infecting others is considered very important.
# 3. advanced infection
The third and final stage of HIV infection is your cd4 T-cell count drops below 200 and your immunity is completely weakened in this situation.
Because of this, it is seen that you become more infected due to opportunistic infections.
Treatment of HIV
There is no cure for HIV yet, it can be prevented with the right information. This disease cannot be treated.
There is no vaccine for HIV disease yet, so it is important that people avoid the disease with the right information
It is generally seen that there is no proper way to test for the presence of the disease, as HIV is very small and cannot be isolated from the blood.
Let us tell you that the diagnosis of this disease involves various procedures used in different parts of the world. Which includes ELISA test, western bolt test, saliva test, and viral load test.
Keep in mind that some complications may also come up during the HIV test, so always be cautious for every test.
No vaccine has been available so far that can prevent HIV infection or fully treat those who have the infection.
It is very important for you to know that you cannot completely reduce the risk of HIV, but we are going to tell you some things through which you can take some important precautions.
# 1. Limit the number of your sexual partner, have sex with only one partner who has sex with you only.
#2. If you have HIV, take your medicine as directed and reduce the risk of transmitting it to your sexual partner.
# 3. Do not use an already used injection.
# 4. Test for HIV to know your and your partner’s condition.
# 5. Know the right way to use a condom and use them every time you are having sex.
So, friends, I hope that the article about HIV full form was able to give you complete information.
If you should read this article in English, then you can visit the full form dot website.
For more information about HIV, you can visit the WHO website.